Cape Verde Islands
The islands of Cape Verde, in Portuguese “Cabo Verde”, are lined up like a string of pearls in the Atlantic – about 500 kilometers west of the coast of Senegal, 1,500 km south-southwest of the Canary Islands and the same distance north of the equator.
The climate on Cape Verde islands is pleasantly warm with temperatures generally between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. Almost throughout the year, the trade winds give us a pleasant, light breeze. In late summer until middle of October, tropical air is reaching Cape Verde, bringing some short but heavy rainfalls.
The Cape Verde Islands were discovered in the 15th century and used during centuries as a Portuguese slave trading point. In the 19th century, British companies settled down in Sao Vicente to sell coal to the steam ships that were cruising the Atlantic. At that time, Mindelo came to be an important international harbour.
Political situation of Cape Verde
In 1975, Cape Verde gained it’s independence from Portugal. Not so many years ago, the islands counted still among the poorest countries on the globe. Nevertheless, Cape Verde can be proud to have developed steadily since then and is today a stable, democratic and peaceful country.
Population and Language
“Crioulo” or “Creole” – the Capeverdians are all descendants of former slaves and slaveholders, mixed with some Asian influences from seamen passing by. They understand themselves as a “Creole race”. “Creole”, that is also culture and language. Creole is the language people speak at home and on the street, songs are sung in Creole. Portuguese is the official language that children learn only at school.